U.S. high school dropout rate reaches record low, driven by improvements among Hispanics, blacks

US high school dropout rate reaches new low

AP Photo/Burlington Times-News, Sam Roberts, Story be Richard Fry

Pew Research Center reports more U.S. high school students are staying in school, according to newly released data from the Census Bureau, as the national dropout rate reached a record low last year. Just 7% of the nation’s 18-to-24 year olds had dropped out of high school, continuing a steady decline in the nation’s dropout rate since 2000, when 12% of youth were dropouts.

Hispanic and Black High School Dropout Rates Lowest on RecordThe decline in the national dropout rate has been driven, in part, by substantially fewer Hispanic and black youth dropping out of school (the non-Hispanic white dropout rate has not fallen as sharply). Although Hispanics still have the highest dropout rate among all major racial and ethnic groups, it reached a record-low of 14% in 2013, compared with 32% of Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds who were dropouts in 2000.

The new data show significant progress over the past decade at other measures of educational attainment among Hispanic youth: Not only are fewer dropping out of high school, but more are finishing high school and attending college. The only exception is that Hispanics continue to substantially trail white youth in obtaining bachelor’s degrees.

Young Dropout Population Lowest on RecordThe decline in the size of the Hispanic dropout population has been particularly noteworthy because it’s happened at the same time that the Hispanic youth population is growing. The number of Hispanic 18- to 24-year-old dropouts peaked at 1.5 million in 2001 and fell to 889,000 by 2013, even though the size of the Hispanic youth population has grown by more than 50% since 2000. The last time the Census Bureau counted fewer than 900,000 Hispanic dropouts was in 1987.

Aside from the Great Recession, the trend in more Hispanic youth staying in school is occurring against the backdrop of diminishing job opportunities for less-educated workers, including less-educated Hispanic workers. Hispanic students and their families may be responding to the rising returns to a college education by staying in school.

Young Hispanic High School Completion Rate Highest on RecordIndeed, census data show that Hispanics have reached a record high school completion rate.

Among Hispanic 18- to 24-year-olds, 79% had completed high school compared with 60% who did so in 2000. High school completion rates have also been rising for other racial and ethnic groups, but their rates were not at record highs in 2013.

For Hispanics, education has long been a top issue; in Pew Research surveys, Hispanics often rank education as one of the most important issues, along with health care and immigration. Hispanics also made up 25% of the nation’s public school students in 2013, with that share projected to rise to 30% by 2022.

Hispanics have also made progress in college enrollment at two- and four-year schools. Among college students ages 18 to 24, Hispanics accounted for 18% of college enrollment in 2013, up from 12% as recently as 2009, according to the new census data.

But young Hispanics still lag behind in earning four-year college degrees. Hispanic students account for just 9% of young adults (ages 25 to 29) with a bachelor’s degree. By comparison, whites account for about 58% of students ages 18 to 24 enrolled in college and 69% of young adults with a bachelor’s degree.

The dropout rate for black youth also was at a record low in 2013 (8%) and has fallen by nearly half since 2000 (15%). Blacks comprised 16% of the nation’s public school students in 2013, with that share projected to fall to 15% by 2022.

Among non-Hispanic white youth, the dropout rate has also declined since 2000 to 5% in 2013.

Asian youth continue to be the major racial group with the lowest high school dropout rate (4% in 2013), but it was not at a record low last year.

Bias Breakdown

 

Bias Breakdown Chart
Of the 5,928 hate crime incidents reported in 2013, 5,922 were single-bias offenses, as detailed in the chart above.
 

Latest Hate Crime Statistics Report Released
Publication Includes New Data Collected Under Shepard/Byrd Act

12/08/14

Today, the FBI released its annual Hate Crime Statistics report, which revealed that 5,928 hate crime incidents involving 6,933 offenses were reported by our law enforcement partners to the Bureau’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program in 2013. These hate crime incidents impacted a total of 7,242 victims—which are defined as individuals, businesses, institutions, or society as a whole.

The number of reported hate crimes last year is down slightly when compared to 2012 UCR figures—5,928 in 2013 versus the 2012 figure of 6,573 (a combination of the 5,796 incidents in Hate Crime Statistics, 2012 and the 777 additional incidents published in Hate Crime Addendum, 2012).

Hate Crime Statistics, 2013—the first UCR publication to contain data collected under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crime Prevention Act of 2009—has a few changes from previous reports. First, biases against gender (male or female) and gender identity (transgender and gender nonconformity) have been added to the list of bias categories. And in response to the Shepard/Byrd Act, we modified our data collection so that reporting agencies can indicate whether crimes were committed by, or directed against, juveniles.

 

Recent Investigative Successes Against Hate Crime Perpetrators

The investigation of hate crimes remains a top priority of the FBI’s civil rights program. We investigate hate crimes that fall under federal jurisdiction, can assist state and local authorities during their own investigations, and in some cases—with the U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division—monitor developing situations to determine if federal action is appropriate. Here are several examples of cases we’ve recently investigated:

- In November 2014, a Texas man was sentenced to 15 years in prison for luring a young gay man to his home and brutally assaulting him because of his sexual orientation. Details

- In September 2014, a former member of the Ku Klux Klan pleaded guilty for his role in a cross burning in front of an interracial family’s home in Tennessee. Details

- Also in September 2014, a Utah man pleaded guilty to interfering with the housing rights of three members of an interracial family by threatening to kill them if they did not make their African-American family member leave their home. Details

- In July 2014, four individuals were indicted for their alleged roles in a racially motivated crime spree targeting African-Americans in Jackson, Mississippi. Details

- In April 2014, a man was indicted on federal hate crime charges for making anti-Semitic threats against a Jewish businesswoman who owned an Albuquerque restaurant. Details

 

Changes to this latest report include a revision of sexual orientation bias types, a revision of race and ethnicity categories, and the collection of rape data under thenew UCR rape definition. For additional information on these changes, read About Hate Crime Statistics.

Among the report’s findings for 2013:

  • Of the 5,928 incidents reported, six were multiple-bias hate crime incidents involving 12 victims.
  • Of the 5,922 single bias incidents reported, the top three bias categories were race (48.5 percent), sexual orientation (20.8 percent), and religion (17.4 percent).
  • Of the reported 3,407 single-bias hate crime offenses that were racially motivated, 66.4 were motivated by anti-black or African-American bias, and 21.4 percent stemmed from anti-white bias.
  • 60.6 percent of the reported 1,402 hate crime offenses based on sexual orientation were classified as anti-gay (male) bias.
  • Law enforcement agencies identified 5,814 known offenders in the 5,928 bias-motivated incidents. Of these offenders, 52.4 percent were white and 24.3 percent were black or African-American.
  • Of the 6,933 hate crime offenses reported in 2013, 63.9 percent were crimes against persons (i.e., intimidation, assaults, rapes, murders), while 35 percent were property crimes (mostly acts of destruction/damage/vandalism). The rest were considered crimes against society (like drug offenses or prostitution).

Upcoming changes to Hate Crime Statistics: The FBI approved a recommendation by the Criminal Justice Information Services Division’s Advisory Policy Board to expand the bias types in the religious category to include all the religions identified by the Pew Research Center and the U.S. Census Bureau. Also, the hate crime data collection procedures will be modified to include an anti-Arab bias motivation. The collecting of both types of data will begin on January 1, 2015.

The UCR Program continues its efforts to assist our law enforcement partners in collecting and submitting hate crime data and with establishing or updating hate crime training programs for their personnel. Most recently, we held a training session for UCR contributors that focused on upcoming changes to the hate crime report, and we’re in the process of revising our Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines and Training Manual with new definitions and scenarios that reflect those changes.

 

Arrests

by Race, 2012

[12,196 agencies; 2012 estimated population 242,925,157]

Table 43A

Offense charged Total arrests Percent distribution1
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
TOTAL 9,390,473 6,502,919 2,640,067 135,165 112,322 100.0 69.3 28.1 1.4 1.2
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 8,506 4,101 4,203 102 100 100.0 48.2 49.4 1.2 1.2
Forcible rape 13,886 9,027 4,512 183 164 100.0 65.0 32.5 1.3 1.2
Robbery 80,135 34,761 44,002 601 771 100.0 43.4 54.9 0.7 1.0
Aggravated assault 299,943 188,505 102,371 4,312 4,755 100.0 62.8 34.1 1.4 1.6
Burglary 219,232 147,156 67,554 1,966 2,556 100.0 67.1 30.8 0.9 1.2
Larceny-theft 994,304 677,895 288,025 15,052 13,332 100.0 68.2 29.0 1.5 1.3
Motor vehicle theft 52,952 35,251 16,301 645 755 100.0 66.6 30.8 1.2 1.4
Arson 8,827 6,500 2,083 141 103 100.0 73.6 23.6 1.6 1.2
Violent crime2 402,470 236,394 155,088 5,198 5,790 100.0 58.7 38.5 1.3 1.4
Property crime2 1,275,315 866,802 373,963 17,804 16,746 100.0 68.0 29.3 1.4 1.3
Other assaults 924,839 606,048 294,678 13,898 10,215 100.0 65.5 31.9 1.5 1.1
Forgery and counterfeiting 51,759 33,950 16,900 239 670 100.0 65.6 32.7 0.5 1.3
Fraud 117,706 78,331 37,171 1,143 1,061 100.0 66.5 31.6 1.0 0.9
Embezzlement 12,371 7,994 4,103 74 200 100.0 64.6 33.2 0.6 1.6
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 75,516 50,144 23,787 615 970 100.0 66.4 31.5 0.8 1.3
Vandalism 175,243 125,987 44,650 2,845 1,761 100.0 71.9 25.5 1.6 1.0
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 114,979 66,909 45,842 764 1,464 100.0 58.2 39.9 0.7 1.3
Prostitution and commercialized vice 43,216 23,172 18,486 175 1,383 100.0 53.6 42.8 0.4 3.2
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 52,354 38,063 12,850 628 813 100.0 72.7 24.5 1.2 1.6
Drug abuse violations 1,194,956 801,198 372,914 8,299 12,545 100.0 67.0 31.2 0.7 1.0
Gambling 5,951 1,707 4,008 22 214 100.0 28.7 67.4 0.4 3.6
Offenses against the family and children 81,762 53,760 25,698 1,740 564 100.0 65.8 31.4 2.1 0.7
Driving under the influence 981,110 830,498 118,557 13,313 18,742 100.0 84.6 12.1 1.4 1.9
Liquor laws 337,687 275,457 46,355 11,314 4,561 100.0 81.6 13.7 3.4 1.4
Drunkenness 398,600 324,209 62,944 7,218 4,229 100.0 81.3 15.8 1.8 1.1
Disorderly conduct 418,960 262,810 145,183 7,751 3,216 100.0 62.7 34.7 1.9 0.8
Vagrancy 20,698 13,034 7,080 389 195 100.0 63.0 34.2 1.9 0.9
All other offenses (except traffic) 2,649,909 1,773,792 808,609 41,206 26,302 100.0 66.9 30.5 1.6 1.0
Suspicion 1,160 610 535 4 11 100.0 52.6 46.1 0.3 0.9
Curfew and loitering law violations 53,912 32,050 20,666 526 670 100.0 59.4 38.3 1.0 1.2
 
  • Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
  • 2 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, 
    motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Table 43B

Offense charged Arrests under 18 Percent distribution1
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
TOTAL 1,002,285 653,949 322,602 13,428 12,306 100.0 65.2 32.2 1.3 1.2
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 559 264 284 10 1 100.0 47.2 50.8 1.8 0.2
Forcible rape 1,931 1,237 655 22 17 100.0 64.1 33.9 1.1 0.9
Robbery 16,312 4,880 11,190 67 175 100.0 29.9 68.6 0.4 1.1
Aggravated assault 27,742 15,301 11,853 294 294 100.0 55.2 42.7 1.1 1.1
Burglary 41,422 24,464 16,091 353 514 100.0 59.1 38.8 0.9 1.2
Larceny-theft 172,307 107,108 59,637 2,486 3,076 100.0 62.2 34.6 1.4 1.8
Motor vehicle theft 10,007 5,799 3,937 142 129 100.0 57.9 39.3 1.4 1.3
Arson 3,237 2,378 802 21 36 100.0 73.5 24.8 0.6 1.1
Violent crime2 46,544 21,682 23,982 393 487 100.0 46.6 51.5 0.8 1.0
Property crime2 226,973 139,749 80,467 3,002 3,755 100.0 61.6 35.5 1.3 1.7
Other assaults 130,024 76,806 50,626 1,503 1,089 100.0 59.1 38.9 1.2 0.8
Forgery and counterfeiting 1,063 737 310 8 8 100.0 69.3 29.2 0.8 0.8
Fraud 3,485 2,022 1,363 56 44 100.0 58.0 39.1 1.6 1.3
Embezzlement 340 215 113 5 7 100.0 63.2 33.2 1.5 2.1
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 9,868 5,204 4,459 90 115 100.0 52.7 45.2 0.9 1.2
Vandalism 45,016 33,860 10,184 573 399 100.0 75.2 22.6 1.3 0.9
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 18,633 11,449 6,775 121 288 100.0 61.4 36.4 0.6 1.5
Prostitution and commercialized vice 609 242 362 0 5 100.0 39.7 59.4 0.0 0.8
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 9,331 6,675 2,462 90 104 100.0 71.5 26.4 1.0 1.1
Drug abuse violations 104,830 77,608 24,684 1,178 1,360 100.0 74.0 23.5 1.1 1.3
Gambling 727 77 643 1 6 100.0 10.6 88.4 0.1 0.8
Offenses against the family and children 2,631 1,796 713 106 16 100.0 68.3 27.1 4.0 0.6
Driving under the influence 7,114 6,546 361 123 84 100.0 92.0 5.1 1.7 1.2
Liquor laws 61,611 54,522 4,294 1,882 913 100.0 88.5 7.0 3.1 1.5
Drunkenness 7,587 6,617 694 168 108 100.0 87.2 9.1 2.2 1.4
Disorderly conduct 90,497 50,695 38,043 1,088 671 100.0 56.0 42.0 1.2 0.7
Vagrancy 975 698 269 4 4 100.0 71.6 27.6 0.4 0.4
All other offenses (except traffic) 180,322 124,553 51,086 2,511 2,172 100.0 69.1 28.3 1.4 1.2
Suspicion 193 146 46 0 1 100.0 75.6 23.8 0.0 0.5
Curfew and loitering law violations 53,912 32,050 20,666 526 670 100.0 59.4 38.3 1.0 1.2
 
  • Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
  • 2 Violent crimes are offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-
    theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Table 43C

Offense charged Arrests 18 and over Percent distribution1
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
Total White Black American
Indian or
Alaskan
Native
Asian or
Pacific
Islander
TOTAL 8,388,188 5,848,970 2,317,465 121,737 100,016 100.0 69.7 27.6 1.5 1.2
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 7,947 3,837 3,919 92 99 100.0 48.3 49.3 1.2 1.2
Forcible rape 11,955 7,790 3,857 161 147 100.0 65.2 32.3 1.3 1.2
Robbery 63,823 29,881 32,812 534 596 100.0 46.8 51.4 0.8 0.9
Aggravated assault 272,201 173,204 90,518 4,018 4,461 100.0 63.6 33.3 1.5 1.6
Burglary 177,810 122,692 51,463 1,613 2,042 100.0 69.0 28.9 0.9 1.1
Larceny-theft 821,997 570,787 228,388 12,566 10,256 100.0 69.4 27.8 1.5 1.2
Motor vehicle theft 42,945 29,452 12,364 503 626 100.0 68.6 28.8 1.2 1.5
Arson 5,590 4,122 1,281 120 67 100.0 73.7 22.9 2.1 1.2
Violent crime2 355,926 214,712 131,106 4,805 5,303 100.0 60.3 36.8 1.3 1.5
Property crime2 1,048,342 727,053 293,496 14,802 12,991 100.0 69.4 28.0 1.4 1.2
Other assaults 794,815 529,242 244,052 12,395 9,126 100.0 66.6 30.7 1.6 1.1
Forgery and counterfeiting 50,696 33,213 16,590 231 662 100.0 65.5 32.7 0.5 1.3
Fraud 114,221 76,309 35,808 1,087 1,017 100.0 66.8 31.3 1.0 0.9
Embezzlement 12,031 7,779 3,990 69 193 100.0 64.7 33.2 0.6 1.6
Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 65,648 44,940 19,328 525 855 100.0 68.5 29.4 0.8 1.3
Vandalism 130,227 92,127 34,466 2,272 1,362 100.0 70.7 26.5 1.7 1.0
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 96,346 55,460 39,067 643 1,176 100.0 57.6 40.5 0.7 1.2
Prostitution and commercialized vice 42,607 22,930 18,124 175 1,378 100.0 53.8 42.5 0.4 3.2
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 43,023 31,388 10,388 538 709 100.0 73.0 24.1 1.3 1.6
Drug abuse violations 1,090,126 723,590 348,230 7,121 11,185 100.0 66.4 31.9 0.7 1.0
Gambling 5,224 1,630 3,365 21 208 100.0 31.2 64.4 0.4 4.0
Offenses against the family and children 79,131 51,964 24,985 1,634 548 100.0 65.7 31.6 2.1 0.7
Driving under the influence 973,996 823,952 118,196 13,190 18,658 100.0 84.6 12.1 1.4 1.9
Liquor laws 276,076 220,935 42,061 9,432 3,648 100.0 80.0 15.2 3.4 1.3
Drunkenness 391,013 317,592 62,250 7,050 4,121 100.0 81.2 15.9 1.8 1.1
Disorderly conduct 328,463 212,115 107,140 6,663 2,545 100.0 64.6 32.6 2.0 0.8
Vagrancy 19,723 12,336 6,811 385 191 100.0 62.5 34.5 2.0 1.0
All other offenses (except traffic) 2,469,587 1,649,239 757,523 38,695 24,130 100.0 66.8 30.7 1.6 1.0
Suspicion 967 464 489 4 10 100.0 48.0 50.6 0.4 1.0
Curfew and loitering law violations - - - - - - - - - -
 
  • Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to 100.0.
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